Different Types of Mirrors
Notable Types of Mirror by Manufacturing
– The for over 7 thousand years mirrors were made from whatever materials
were able to be polished to the high reflective state. Initially, the most
common mirrors were made from polished obsidian stones (naturally occurring
black volcanic glass) around 6000 BC, while later techniques involved
polishing of copper, stone, bronze, various alloys and even gold was used
all up to 1st century BC. Roman inventors were first one to discover the
technique of applying the thin coating of lead over the blown glass.
– Medieval engineers were first who seriously tackled the problem of mirror
making, with greatest efforts being made in the Middle East. Lebanon was
the first country where metal-coated mirror glasses started to be made in
1st century AD, with many more experiments later on being made on
parabolic, concave, convex, cylindrical and spherical mirrors. 5th century
China was the home of some of the first silver-mercury silver coatings on
mirrors. That secret of mirror making eventually arrived in Venice, where a
new industry of European mirror making was born. Extremely expensive
mirrors from Venice were sold across Europe to nobility until the secret of
their production was discovered through industrial espionage. Large
producers of glass after Venice were Saint-Gobain factory in France,
Bohemia, and Germany.
Silver glass mirror
– First modern silver coated glass mirror was created by the famous German
chemist Justus von Liebig (today known as the “father of modern organic
chemistry") in 1835. Advanced model based on the mixing of silver nitrate
and sugar and coating a very small layer of it on a glass surface. The
resulting mirror was totally blemished free and was so reflective that was
used not only all around the world as one of the cheapest and most safest
mirrors produced up to that point (Venetian mercury-based were harmful to
health, especially in mirror factories) in telescopes and similar
Aluminium glass mirror
– Made by vacuum coating glass using aluminum powder and two additional
layers of waterproof protective paint.
Low aluminum glass mirror
– Similar like an aluminum mirror, but a lower amount of aluminum provides
clearer and smoother reflective image that is needed for specific purposes
such as art presentations and exhibitions where precise color and light
representation is required.
Safety glass mirror
– This type of mirror is created by adding layer of protective film across
the glass surface. This prevents glass from breaking into large and sharp
pieces, protecting the users from heavy injuries in the events of the
mirror being shattered. Safety mirrors are often placed in public places,
furniture, doors, large glass walls and others.
Silkscreen printed glass mirror
– This very durable (both in age and resistance against elements) type of
glass is created by adding inorganic color ink on the glass substrate,
creating any type and form of pattern that buyer wants. Mirrors created
this way are usually used as decorative objects that are part of furniture
or objects such as doors, table tops, windows, and more.
Types of Mirrors by Their Application:
Personal grooming mirrors
– Bathroom mirrors, portable mirrors
– Car rear-view mirrors, road junction convex mirrors
DLP television and projector mirrors
Solar power mirrors
- Various types of mirrors used in astronomy and other scientific
- infinite mirrors
Light distribution mirrors
– Used to bring light inside darkly lit areas, or to enhance lighting
in greenhouses or conservations. They are also known as “seasonal
Architecture glass mirrors
– Often highly reflective glass that is used on skyscrapers whose
entire exteriors are covered in reflective surfaces.
- Disco balls, kaleidoscope mirrors, mirror mazes, halls of mirrors,
various distorting mirrors used in amusement parks.
– Mirrors are also used heavily in all forms of fiction such as
literature, sculptures, paintings, and movies.